Safety of homemade toys and crafts for Kids.
The main task of parents is to eliminate any dangerous factor when creating handmade crafts! Paint, filler and exterior design imperfections of toys. All this in one way or another affects the health and mental balance of your baby. Remember this when starting to implement the next idea of entertainment for toddlers.
The tradition of making toys for your children has existed since ancient times. The Daddies carved figurines of animals and birds from wood, made whistles, pipes and rattles.
Mothers wove toys from bast, birch bark, straw, knitted from yarn or sewed from scraps. A DIY toy made for a beloved child, no doubt, carries in itself particles of selfless parental love and warmth, so it is not surprising that such toys will were considered amulets, and many kept them all their lives, finding support in them in difficult times.
This is reflected in songs and fairy tales.
And modern parents, despite the overflowing store shelves, where you can find products for every taste and wallet, are also not alien to the tradition of making toys with their own hands.
But a city dweller living in the 21st century has completely different materials at hand - plastic, polystyrene, polyethylene, which our ancestors had never even heard of. And out of all this, the fantasy of dads, moms, grandparents seeks to create toys that you can't buy in any store. And there are many people on the Internet who want to share their best practices. At the same time, many completely forget that a children's toy is not a souvenir that is gathering dust on the shelf, but a tool for learning about the world around it, which the child will testing for strength in all possible ways. And you should not expect from an toddler that he himself will protect himself from the dangers lurking in the toy, which he does not even suspect. This is the responsibility of an adult. I wrote this article because there is nothing more agonizing than the guilt of a parent who harmed his beloved child through his own stupidity.
There are many legitimate claims to modern factory toys, but they cannot be blamed for the lack of physical safety for children. Over a hundred years of industrialization, clear sanitary norms and hygiene standards have been formed, and toy manufacturers follow them, selecting safe paints, materials and conducting all the tests necessary for certification. And, if the parent observes the age group indicated on the package, then he may not worry about the health of his baby. But it is precisely the absence of a constant need to analyze the toy on their own that leads to the fact that the parents have in their minds an equal sign between any toy and harmlessness. Therefore, having decided to make a toy with their own hands, many parents do not consider it necessary to take this process seriously, but in vain. You can remember that by making a toy yourself, you take full responsibility for the consequences of using it. The danger can lie in what the toy is made of and how it is made.
For example, any loving dad can cut a bar into cubes. It would seem that here it is an environmentally friendly and safe traditional toy for a kid. But, if he does not properly sand all surfaces, then the baby can hook a shavings under the skin of hand. And if the cubes are large and heavy, then it will be difficult for the child to hold them, and they can harm him by falling with an acute angle on his leg. Therefore, large cubes in the industry are blown from plastic with rounded corners. But even more problems can arise if dad wants to make the cubes even more beautiful and paint them with the wrong paint.
Experts take this issue very seriously, but at home, parents often use what they have at hand, for example, paint left over after repairs. Of these, the most dangerous are, of course, lead. Even in small concentrations, it affect brain activity - it slow down mental and physical development, interfere with concentration, impair memory, children can develop hyperactivity, and in severe cases, even hearing loss. Lead-free paints can also be dangerous. It depends on the solvent used in them. After all, the solvent can be released from painted surfaces for years, thereby causing allergies and chronic respiratory diseases. The most harmful of all solvents is white spirit, it is found in acrylic paints, which many adults consider completely safe. Therefore, when going to paint a wooden toy, think very hard about which paints to use. After all, a small child not only holds a toy in his hands, but also constantly pulls it into his mouth, which increases the harmful effect, spreading it to the digestive organs. For the same reasons, it is worth refraining from processing wooden toys with all kinds of stains and varnishes.
But the materials themselves, from which the homemade toy is made, can also be dangerous.
If a involved in the manufacture large amount of glue and non-food plastic, then this is a mandatory release of phenol and styrene, which threatens liver and kidney damage. Therefore, homemade plastic lacing pads and mosaic boards made from randomly selected materials can do more harm than good.
The foam plastic foam releases styrene vapors that can cause headaches, eye and respiratory irritation, nausea and other troubles. Therefore, you should not make furniture for dolls, boats for the bathroom or use it as a basis for mosaics.
Even modern plywood made of wood veneer is harmful. If earlier it was all safe, since it was made using from PVA Glue, now, after the production has become cheaper, most of the plywood necessarily contains phenol, resorcinol or formaldehyde. Not to mention the harmfulness of chipboard made from sawdust, in which the concentration of phenol-formaldehyde resins is much higher. Neighboring them can lead to allergic reactions, headaches, breathing problems and even cause inflammation. Therefore, think carefully about whether it is worth making a toy, a dollhouse or furniture from them.
Even foam rubber in old upholstered furniture decomposes under the influence of ultraviolet radiation, emitting products that can lead to malfunctions of the immune system. And you certainly shouldn't use yellowed old foam rubber for stuffing children's toys. Over time, it crumbles into finely dispersed crumbs, which can be inhaled unnoticed for years, and it is also capable of releasing chemicals that contribute to the occurrence of malignant tumors.
It would seem what could be more harmless than paper, but packaging boxes made of corrugated cardboard, which are a recycled product, contain carcinogens and heavy metals that are hazardous to health. Therefore, under no circumstances should babies put cardboard in their mouths.
So, when choosing material for handmade toys, think, think and think again, because it is in childhood, when the human body grows and develops, that it is especially sensitive to harmful external influences. During this period, health is laid for the rest of your life, and it is in your power to make it long and happy.
But the danger can conceal not only the composition of the material, but also its physical properties. So an empty glass bottle, a perfume bottle or a burnt-out glass lamp are completely unsuitable toys for a child. Even if the glass base is covered with cloth or pasted over with paper, the child can break it, and sharp fragments will pierce the shell and injure toddler. Never use fragile materials for making toys that can suddenly turn into stabbing or cutting objects.
Not to mention the fact that the toy itself should not have sharp corners and surfaces. Do not use needles, pins, buttons, toothpicks, bamboo skewers, untreated sharp wooden blocks or branches with sharp knots, plastic bottle trimmings in the manufacture of toys springs and other things potentially dangerous for the baby.
Nowadays games with clothespins are popular with many parents. They are certainly useful for the development of fine motor skills, but many clothespins are designed so that they are easy to disassemble, and if used improperly, the spring can pop out and well, if it does not get into the eye of the mischievous person. Be careful with newfangled inventions.
The next danger in making homemade toys is loose small parts. Children often pull toys into their mouths, so they may swallow or inhale the separated piece. Be especially careful when making a toy for your baby. Many mums love to make rattles and play mats themselves and often forget about safety. For example, a child may accidentally open a plastic rattle bottle with peas or buttons poured into it, tear off a badly sewn button from a development rug, or break the thread used to sew the pieces that assemble the toy together. Before giving such a toy to a baby, be sure to thoroughly test it for strength.
Another danger is ropes and plastic bags. Playing and indulging with them, a small child left unattended can become entangled in them and suffocate. That is why competent manufacturers make toys for toddlers not on strings, but on sticks, and put chips in a cloth bag, not polyethylene.
And, of course, you must remember that the toy must be hygienic. The ability to wash it will help it not become a breeding ground for bacteria. For the same reason, children should not be allowed to play with their food. The kid will at any moment forget that the cookies are only for the doll and will pull it into his mouth himself, despite the fact that wherever it has been lying around before. Therefore, you need to be careful about the properties of the materials from which the toy is made. Do not use fabrics with unstable dyes that can enter the baby's body through the mouth.
Just do not think that by telling you all this, I am trying to dissuade you from making toys with your own hands. Just do not forget that the child is not you, and he cannot protect himself from dangers, so you are responsible for him. Happiness to you and your children!
18 0 7-06-2021, 13:08